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Bangor University
Rhyd-y-gwystl Woollen Factory Accounts

Reference code(s): GB 0222 BMSS WO

Held at: Bangor University

Title: Rhyd-y-gwystl Woollen Factory Accounts

Short Title: Rhyd-y-gwystl Woollen Factory Accounts

Creation date(s): 1823 - 1882

Level of description: fonds

Extent: 4 items

Name of creator(s): Ellis Roberts of Rhyd-y-gwystl, Aber-erch, and later of Bryn-y-pin, Garn Dolbenmaen, Gwynedd.


Administrative/Biographical history: The woollen industry played an important part amongst Welsh industries up until the mid-nineteenth century. According to J. Geraint Jenkins in The Welsh Woollen Industry (1969), "By the first decade of the nineteenth century, the whole of Caernarvonshire had become an important textile manufacturing district, mainly concerned with supplying woven cloth to a local market".
No information was available regarding the Rhyd-y-gwystl Woollen Factory at time of compilation of description. Evidently, the business was running from 1835 - 1882 and was situated in the parish of Aber-erch in the Llyn peninsula. The factory is marked on early Ordnance Survey maps of the area.


Scope and content/abstract: Four account books of the Rhyd-y-gwystl Woollen Factory dating from 1835 to 1882. The earliest item is a printed diary which contains entries for the year 1823, but which was used at a later date for keeping accounts. The compiler, according to the catalogue description, is most probably Ellis Roberts, the factory owner. The rough notes are often difficult to decipher, but do provide some insight into the nature of the woollen industry in the area. The last item is described as shop and factory accounts and contains references to money lending.


Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement: Arranged chronologically and incorporated into the General Collection of Bangor Manuscripts

Conditions governing access: Open to all users.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright conditions apply. Reprographics are made at the discretion of the Archivist.

Finding aids: A typescript item level catalogue is available at the Archives Department of the University of Wales Bangor. Reference numbers : General Collection of Bangor Manuscripts 454 - 457

Language codes: wel eng


Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:


Related material: The records of another woollen factory and mill are held at the Archives Department of the University of Wales Bangor. For details regarding the Pen y Caerau Woollen Mill Accounts near Aberdaron and the Records of the Ceiriog Valley Woollen Mills consult the catalogues at the Archives Department and the Archives Hub.

Publication note: Thomas Richards, "Sources of Caernarvonshire History : University College Library, Bangor", Caernarvonshire Historical Society Transactions , 1941


Note: Description compiled by Elen Wyn Hughes, December 2001.

Rules or conventions: Created following ISAD(G) and Archives Hub Data Creation Guidelines

Date(s) of descriptions: Prior to 16-11-2004

Wool industry | Wales | Gwynedd

Personal names
Roberts , Ellis , fl. 1835-1882 , of Rhyd-y-gwystl (Abererch)

Corporate names

Abererch (Wales)

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