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Bangor University
Papers of Mary Frances Rathbone

Reference code(s): GB 0222 BMSS RATH

Held at: Bangor University

Title: Papers of Mary Frances Rathbone

Short Title: Papers of Mary Frances Rathbone

Creation date(s): 1919-1937

Level of description: fonds

Extent: 30 items

Name of creator(s): Mary Frances Rathbone


Administrative/Biographical history: Mary Frances Rathbone was an influential figure in a number of social and educational projects in north Wales. She was the driving force in the North Wales Branch Association for Reconstruction, which sought to promote recovery and prosperity after the First World War (Sir John Morris-Jones was also a member) and in an organisation with similar interests, known as the Pilgrim Trust.
Miss Rathbone was a great niece of William Rathbone MP, one of the founders of the University of Wales, Bangor and was herself a benefactor of the university and an active member of its council. In 1934 she received an honorary degree from the University of Wales. She died in 1937.


Scope and content/abstract: Material consists of documents accumulated by Mary Frances Rathbone relating to the various social and educational initiatives with which she was involved. It includes the minutes of meetings held by the North Wales Branch Association for Reconstruction, which was active during 1918-1919. There are also copies of reports undertaken on their behalf, including material on water power plants and the feasibility of developing such plants in north Wales (item 3624); reports on European agricultural projects (items 1220-1224, 1252); material relating to education and social improvement (items 1251, 5685) and the final report of the branch, reviewing what had been done and outlining future hopes and developments (item 3625).
There is also material relating to the activities of the Pilgrim Group, mainly around 1934, including proceedings of meetings and research it commissioned into industrial conditions at Brymbo, the site of a steelwork plant in Denbighshire (items 5683-5684). Also contains material relating to the organisation of a memorial library at the university in Bangor dedicated to Mary Maude, a hall of residence warden, including printed appreciations of Miss Maude, who died in 1926 (item 5686).
Also contains a collection of press cuttings, (items 5065, 5862) made by Miss Rathbone, covering the years 1925-1937, mainly relating to developments in North Wales. Subjects include post war reconstruction, housing, adult and university education, Welsh language, the death of Sir John Morris-Jones, agriculture and forestry, electrical developments in Wales and the Shannon waterpower generation scheme in Ireland.


Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement: Material was received on separate occasions and incorporated in chronological order into the General Collection of Bangor Manuscripts .

Conditions governing access: Open to all users

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright conditions apply. Reprographics are made at the discretion of the Archivist.

Finding aids: Item level word-processed list is available at the Archives Department of the University of Wales, Bangor. Reference numbers: General Collection of Bangor Manuscripts: 1220-1224, 1251-1252, 3624-3625, 5065, 5682-5686

Language codes: eng


Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Material was deposited by Mary Frances Rathbone and by her executors.



Note: Description compiled by Anne Lenaghan, November 2001.

Rules or conventions: Created following ISAD(G) and Archives Hub Data Creation Guidelines

Date(s) of descriptions: Prior to 16-11-2004

Adult education | Wales, North
Agriculture | Italy
Agriculture | Wales
Country life | Denmark
Housing | Wales, North
Reconstruction (1914-1939) | Wales
Rural development | Europe
Rural development | Wales, North
Water-power | Ireland | 20th century
Water-power | Wales, North | 20th century
Welsh language | 20th century

Personal names
Maude , Mary , 1847-1926
Morris-Jones , John , 1864-1929
Rathbone , Mary Frances , d. 1937
Rathbone , William , 1819-1902
Robinson , Gilbert Wooding , b. 1888

Corporate names
Association for Reconstruction | North Wales Branch
Pilgrim Trust (Great Britain)
University College of North Wales, Bangor


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