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Bangor University
Gwalchmai Manuscripts

Reference code(s): GB 0222 GWAL

Held at: Bangor University

Title: Gwalchmai Manuscripts

Short Title: Gwalchmai Manuscripts

Creation date(s): 1827-1879

Level of description: fonds

Extent: 0.25 linear metres

Name of creator(s): Richard Parry, also known as Gwalchmai.


Administrative/Biographical history: Richard Parry, commonly known by his bardic name, Gwalchmai, was an Independent minister, poet and man of letters, born on 19 January 1803 in Llannerch-y-medd. His father Richard Parry, was a currier and leather manufacturer. His mother was from Gwalchmai and had inherited a fairly considerable portion from her family. Thomas Parry was his brother. They were all Calvinistic Methodists.
Gwalchmai received an elementary education at a local church, but left at the age of twelve to be apprenticed as a saddler. He was very interested in books, and played a prominent part in the work of the chapel, and was even elected deacon while still a young man. It was during this period that he began to compete in the eisteddfodau. In 1829 Caledfryn became Independent minister at Llannerch-y-medd, and the two became friends. It was Caledfryn who taught him the art of cynghanedd . Before long, Gwalchmai joined the Independents and began to preach in their chapels. In 1836 he was ordained as joint minister (with Robert Roberts of Treban) at Bryngwran.
In 1838 he left to take charge of the churches at Henryd and Conwy, where he remained for ten years. In 1848 he went to Llandovery, but he does not seem to have been happy there, and in 1850 he returned to north Wales and settled at Ffestiniog, where he had charge of Llanffestiniog and Bethania churches. Four years later he returned to Conwy. His mind was now set on establishing a church at Llandudno, which was rapidly developing as a seaside resort and, with this in view, he moved there. With the support of a number of wealthy English people he succeeded in building a chapel for both English and Welsh services. He retired in 1881.
Gwalchmai was also one of the joint editors of Y Dysgedydd from 1853 to 1864. He won ten eisteddfod chairs and a great number of other prizes. He published, Adgofion am John Elias , 1859; Enwogion Môn , 1877; Glan Geirionydd , with notes; Yr Adroddiadur Barddonol , 1877; and History of Ancient Eisteddfodau . He was one of the most prolific Welsh writers of the 19th century, but not much of his work is of permanent value. He died 7 February 1897.


Scope and content/abstract: Papers and commonplace books (8 items) of the Rev. Richard Parry (Gwalchmai). They include a treatise on the origins and growth of nonconformity in Anglesey, notes on sermons heard by him at Llangefni and Llannerch-y-medd, 1827-1830; poetry and adjudications delivered at various local eisteddfodau in North Wales, 1870-1877.


Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement: Arranged chronologically

Conditions governing access: Open to all users

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright conditions apply. Reprographics made at the discretion of the archivist.

Finding aids: Catalogue at item level available at the Archives Department of the University of Wales Bangor.

Language codes: wel eng


Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Donated by Llew Tegid of Bangor


Related material: See also the Papers of Rev. R. Peris Williams , also held at the Archives Department of the University of Wales Bangor. A collection level description is available on the Archives Hub .


Note: Description amended by Elen Wyn Hughes, September 2002.

Rules or conventions: Created following ISAD(G) and Archives Hub Data Creation Guidelines

Date(s) of descriptions: Prior to 16-11-2004

Independent Churches in Wales | History
Llandudno (Wales) | Religious life and customs
Llannerchymedd (Wales) | Religious life and customs
Personal archives | Wales | Anglesey
Welsh poetry | 19th century

Personal names
Gwalchmai , 1803-1897

Corporate names

Llandudno (Wales)
Llanerchymedd (Wales)

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