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Bangor University
Croesor Quarry Papers

Reference code(s): GB 0222 BMSS SLA

Held at: Bangor University

Title: Croesor Quarry Papers

Short Title: Croesor Quarry Papers

Creation date(s): 1871 August -1878 August

Level of description: fonds

Extent: 3 items

Name of creator(s): Croesor Slate Quarry

CONTEXT

Administrative/Biographical history: Slate production in Wales developed as an organised concern in the late 18th century. The industry's main period of growth and expansion occurred during the 1830's with significant development between 1831 to 1882 and rapid decline in the 20th century. The chief commercially significant slate producing areas in Wales were central Caernarfonshire, including Bethesda, Llanberis and Nantlle; the area in northern Merionethshire between Blaenau Ffestiniog and Capel Curig and adjacent parts of Caernarfonshire; the Corris area in southern Merionethshire and adjacent parts of Montgomeryshire; the area between Llangollen and Corwen in Denbighshire and eastern Merionethshire; the Preselau area of Pembrokeshire and adjacent parts of Carmarthenshire.
Croesor Quarry, at Moelwyn Mawr, to the north of Merionethshire was an underground operation dating from 1846. James Wyatt, who had formerly been Lord Penrhyn's agent, was director of the Croesor Quarry until 1866. In 1862, its annual output was 74 tons rising to 1,190 tons in 1864. From 1866 to 1874 the Croesor United Slate Company operated it. In 1867 it employed 175 men, by June 1868 the number was reduced to 111.
In 1875 the Croesor New Slate Company Ltd acquired the business, but by 1882 they had given up the quarry. In 1895 the Park and Croesor Quarries were amalgamated to form the Park and Croesor Slate Quarries Company Ltd, with a head office at Penrhyndeudraeth near Porthmadog. Annual output was low and a receiver was appointed in 1914. The quarries finally closed in 1930.

CONTENT

Scope and content/abstract: Comprises: Cost Book, North Wales Slate and Slab Company, Croesor, Merionethshire, August 1871 - August 1878 Daymen's Account, Croesor Slate Quarry, June 1873 - June 1874 Paybook, including bills, Croesor New Slate Co. Ltd, January 1876 - August 1878

ACCESS AND USE

Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement: Material is arranged in chronological order and incorporated into the General Collection of Bangor Manuscripts .

Conditions governing access: Open to all users

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright conditions apply. Reprographics are made at the discretion of the Archivist.

Finding aids: Item level word-processed list is available at the Archives Department, University of Wales, Bangor. Reference numbers: General Collection of Bangor Manuscripts: 648-650

Language codes: eng

ARCHIVAL INFORMATION

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:

ALLIED MATERIALS

Related material: Also held at the Archives Department of the University of Wales, Bangor are the Croesor Tramway Ledgers . A collection level description is available on the Archives Hub .

Publication note: Some of the data used to compile the administrative history section above was taken from Jean Lindsey A History of the North Wales Slate Industry David & Charles, Newton Abbot (1974)Some of the data used to compile the administrative history section above was taken from Jean Lindsey A History of the North Wales Slate Industry David & Charles, Newton Abbot (1974)

DESCRIPTION NOTES

Note: Description compiled by Anne Lenaghan, May 2002.

Rules or conventions: Created following ISAD(G) and Archives Hub Data Creation Guidelines

Date(s) of descriptions: Prior to 16-11-2004


INDEX ENTRIES
Subjects
Quarries and quarrying | Wales, North
Slate industry | Wales, North

Personal names

Corporate names
Croesor New Slate Company
Croesor Slate Quarry (Llanfrothen, Wales)
Croesor United Slate Company
North Wales Slate and Slab Company
Park and Croesor Slate Company

Places
Penrhyndeudraeth (Wales)

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