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Bangor University
Papers of Cynan

Reference code(s): GB 0222 BMSS CYN

Held at: Bangor University

Title: Papers of Cynan

Short Title: Papers of Cynan

Creation date(s): ca. 1916 - ca. 1966

Level of description: fonds

Extent: 420 items

Name of creator(s): Albert Evans-Jones, also known as Cynan


Administrative/Biographical history: Albert Evans-Jones, 1895 - 1970, better known by his bardic name Cynan , was a poet, playwright and a zealous supporter of the National Eisteddfod of Wales. He studied at the University College of North Wales, Bangor and served in the First World War as a soldier and chaplain. Following the war, he was a Minister with the Calvinistic Methodists at Penmaenmawr, Caernarfonshire and was a tutor at the Extra-Mural Department of the University College of North Wales between 1931 - 1960. He was also a censor of Welsh plays under the Lord Chamberlain. Between 1950 - 1953 he was Archdruid of the National Eisteddfod and President of the Eisteddfod Court between 1963 and 1965. He was knighted in 1969. Cynan won the crown three times at the National Eisteddfod for Mab y Bwthyn in 1921, for Yr Ynys Unig in 1923 and for Y Dyrfa in 1931. He also won the chair for I'r Dduw nid Adweinir in 1924.


Scope and content/abstract: The collection consists of manuscript, typescript and draft material by Cynan. Amongst the poetry there are odes, long poems in free metre and in metre, hymns, carols and translations of poems. Included is a first draft of Anfon y Nico i Landwr and a copy of Cofnodion a Chyfansoddiadau Eisteddfod Genedlaethol 1924 Pontypwl with Cynan's amendments to his ode I'r Dduw nid Adweinir . The plays and dramatic productions include his pageants Hywel Harris and Absalom fy Mab . Amongst the essays is a typescript of his only novel Ffarwel Weledig , described as a romance of Macedonia. Other material includes, lectures, addresses and essays on various subjects, mostly relating to drama and Welsh literature; prayers and sermons; new! spaper cuttings; correspondence; radio talks; photographs; L.P. recordings of Cynan reading his poetry. There is documentation regarding the National Eisteddfod and relating to Cynan's connection with the Free Masons.


Language/scripts of material:

System of arrangement: The papers of Cynan are incorporated into the General Collection of Bangor Manuscripts . The largest group of over 400 items has been catalogued in one section and the items within it are arranged according to type. However, there are a few stray items within the collection which also belong to his papers.

Conditions governing access: Open to all users.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual conditions of copyright. Reprographics made at the discretion of the Archivist.

Finding aids: Item level typescript catalogue available at the Department of Manuscripts of the University of Wales Bangor. Reference numbers : General Collection of Bangor Manucripts : 16964, 22325-22739, 25707, 31228, 36356B.

Language codes: wel eng


Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition:



Note: Description compiled by Elen Wyn Hughes, July 2001.

Rules or conventions: Created following ISAD(G) and Archives Hub Data Creation Guidelines

Date(s) of descriptions: Prior to 16-11-2004

Freemasonry | Wales
Radio scripts, Welsh
Sermons, Welsh | 20th century
Speeches, addresses, etc. | Wales | 20th century
Welsh drama | 20th century
Welsh literature | 20th century
Welsh poetry | 20th century
Welsh poetry | 20th century | Competitions

Personal names
Cynan , 1895-1970

Corporate names
Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Cymru


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