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Powys County Archives Office
Builth Union records

Reference code(s): GB 0223 B/G/BU

Held at: Powys County Archives Office

Title: Builth Poor Law Union Records

Short Title: Builth Union records

Creation date(s): 1872-1947

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: Information to be supplied

Name of creator(s): Builth Poor Law Union


Administrative/Biographical history: Until the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, relief of the poor was the responsibility of the parish. Following the Act, parishes were grouped into Unions that were charged to provide a workhouse for the relief of the able-bodied poor. Builth Poor Law Union was formed in 1837 and operated in constituent parishes of Alltmawr, Builth, Crucaden, Gwarafog, Gwenddwr, Llanafan-fawr, Llanfechan, Llanddewi Abergwesyn, Llanddewi'r Cwm, Llanfihangel Abergwesyn, Llanfihangel Bryn Pabuan, Llangammarch, Llanganten, Llangynog, Llanllynwenfel, Llanynys, Llysdinam, Maesmynis, Penbuallt, Rhosferig and Treflis, in Brecknockshire and Aberedw, Betws Diserth, Cregrina, Diserth and Tre-goed, Llanbadarn-y-garreg, Llandrindod, Llanelwedd, Llansanffraid-in-Elwel, Llanfaredd and Rhulen in Radnorshire. The Board of Guardians responsible for the Union had other duties from time to time, including the registration of births, marriages and deaths, vaccinations, assessments of rates, sanitation, school attendance and infant life protection. By the time of the Local Government Act 1929, Unions were abolished and their duties transferred to County Councils, with responsibility for the poor being transferred to the Public Assistance Committee until 1948. Builth Sanitary Authority was created under the Public Health Act 1872 to deal with sewerage, drainage, and water supply. They were based on the existing Poor Law Union areas and were administered by the Board of Guardians of the Poor. The Authority's powers were transferred to the Builth Rural District Council in 1894.


Scope and content/abstract: Records of Builth Poor Law Union, 1872-1947, including minutes, 1902-1907; Assessment Committee minutes, 1902-1927; Builth Rural Sanitary Authority minutes, 1872-1894, miscellaneous, 1914-1947.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: Printed information; Minute books; Visiting Committee; Assessment Committee; Rural Sanitary Authority

Conditions governing access: Powys Archive Office restrictions, relating to data protection, apply

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: A hard copy is available at the Powys County Archives Service.


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Powys County Archives Service have been retained.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Source not recorded



Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Powys County Archives Service, Board of Guardians, Builth Union, catalogue; The History of Poor Law website (, viewed 21 February 2005.

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH

Date(s) of descriptions: February 2005

Builth Poor Law Union | Archives
Poor laws | Wales | Powys | Administration

Personal names

Corporate names
Builth Poor Law Union

Breconshire (Wales)
Builth Wells (Wales)
Powys (Wales)
Radnorshire (Wales)

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