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Conwy Archive Service
Conway Union Poor Law records

Reference code(s): GB 2008 CG3

Held at: Conwy Archive Service

Title: Conway Union Poor Law Records

Short Title: Conway Union Poor Law records

Creation date(s): 1837-1959

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 4.25 cubic metres (91 boxes, 114 vols)

Name of creator(s): Conway Poor Law Union Board of Guardians


Administrative/Biographical history: Until the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, relief of the poor was the responsibility of the parish. Following the Act, parishes were grouped into Unions that were charged to provide a workhouse for the relief of the able-bodied poor. The elected Board of Guardians responsible for the Union had other duties, including registration of births, marriages and deaths, vaccinations, assessments of rates, sanitation, school attendance and infant life protection. After the Local Government Act 1929, unions were abolished and their duties transferred to County Councils, and responsibility for the destitute passed to new local Public Assistance Committees. Conway Poor Law Union was formed on 11th April 1837. The Board of Guardians, 15 in number, represented its 15 constituent parishes across Caernarfonshire (Caerhyn; Conway; Dolygarrog; Dwygyfylchi; Eglwys Rhos; Gyffin; Llanbedr y Cennin; Llandudno; Llangelynin; Llangwstenin; Llysfaen) and Denbighshire (Llanelian; Llansaintffraid), and both Denbighshire and Carnarvonshire (Eirias; Llandrillo yn Rhos). The Union also ran a children's home at Blodwel Home, Llandudno Junction.


Scope and content/abstract: Records of the Conway Poor Law Union, including records of the Board of Guardians, 1837-1959, including minutes, 1837-1930; accounts, 1890-1930; records relating to lunacy, 1898-1910; statistics, 1901-1925; case papers, 1906-1923; out-relief, 1910; workhouses and children's homes, 1894-1926; supplies, 1905-1926; mortgages, 1901-1929; children's records, 1898-1915; removal and settlement records, 1898-1902; recovery of relief, 1903-1916; overseer's half-yearly balance sheets, 1910-1927; letter books, 1877-1929; correspondence, 1880-1930; miscellaneous records of the Board of Guardians, 1837-1929. The fonds also includes records of the Conway Union Treasurer, 1899-1930; Officer in charge of children's homes, 1916-1931; records relating to the registration of births, marriages and deaths, 1837-1949; vaccination, 1899-1947; assessment, 1863-1929; sanitation, 1853-1903; school attendance, 1877-1903; records relating to Public Assistance Committees, 1931-1947; and miscellaneous documents, 1891-1959.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following groups: clerk to the Guardian's records; Treasurer's records; Officer in charge of the Children's Homes's records; Records of non-Poor Law duties devolving upon Board of Guardians; Public Assistance; and miscellaneous.

Conditions governing access: No restrictions

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: A hard copy of the catalogue is available at Conwy Archives Service and the National Library of Wales.

Language codes: eng


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history: Deposited at the Caernarfon Record Office by the Clerk of Caernarfonshire County Council, c. 1975.

Immediate source of acquisition: Transferred from Gwynedd Archive Service, 2000.


Related material: Related material is Denbighshire Record Office, GD/D.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Conwy Archives Service, Schedule of Conway Poor Law Union Records; The History of Poor Law website (, viewed 30 October 2003.

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH

Date(s) of descriptions: October 2003

Children | Institutional care | Wales | Conwy
Conway Union | Board of Guardians | Archives
Poor laws | Wales | Conwy | Administration
Public welfare | Wales | Conwy

Personal names

Corporate names
Conway Union | Board of Guardians

Caernarvonshire (Wales)
Conwy (Wales)
Denbighshire (Wales)

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