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Flintshire Record Office
Birch Cullimore & Co. collection of manuscripts

Reference code(s): GB 0208 D/BC

Held at: Flintshire Record Office

Title: Birch Cullimore MSS

Short Title: Birch Cullimore & Co. collection of manuscripts

Creation date(s): 1311-1956

Level of description: Fonds

Extent: 8100 items

Name of creator(s): Birch, Cullimore & Co., Solicitors, Chester.


Administrative/Biographical history: Birch, Cullimore & Co. is an established firm of solicitors, based in Chester, Cheshire. Their clients included numerous landed estates in Flintshire and Denbighshire, including the following: the Earls of Denbigh and Pennant estates; the Whitley family of Aston Hall, Hawarden, Flintshire; the Boughton Hall estate, Chester, Cheshire, and the Llechryd estate in Flintshire and Denbighshire; the Nugent family of Plas Iolyn, Dudleston, Shropshire, and Chester; Richard Willett, headmaster of Hawarden Grammar School; John Humberston Cawley and the Upper Gwersyllt estate and the Gwersyllt Park estate in Gwersyllt, Denbighshire; the Lleweni estate of the Salusbury, Cotton and Highes families, in Denbighshire and Flintshire; and the Broughton family, of Broughton Hall, Worthenbury, Flintshire. The firm retained papers relating to these estates.


Scope and content/abstract: This extensive collection of deeds and papers deposited in the Record Office by one of the best-known firms of Chester solicitors includes material relating to numerous landed estates in Clwyd owned by their many clients. For the most part these formed distinct groups and have been listed accordingly, but there was also a significant amount of miscellaneous material not easily ascribed to any particular client, which has been arranged by reference to the parish to which it relates. Papers of the Earl of Denbigh, including deeds, 1612-1922, mining papers, 1767-1909, estate records, 1729-1922, family papers, 1676-1920, and legal records, 1607-1920; Aston Hall papers, including deeds, 1800-1860, estate records, 1758-1841, and records relating to collieries and railways, 1806-1862; Boughton Hall, Chester, papers, including deeds, 1473-1892, estate records, 1668-1904, family papers, 1578-1839, and legal records, 1575-1876; papers of Henry Tucker, 1311-1858, including deeds, 1311-1810; Nerquis Hall papers, 1596-1905, including deeds, 1596-1905, and estate records, 1809-1902; deeds and other papers relating to M. W. B. Nugent, 1586-1871, Willett of Hawarden, 1561-1875, Gwersyllt Park, 1460-1809, Lleweni, 1680-1879, Lloyd, Evans and Evans-Lloyd, 1803-1900, and Burganey of Pulford, 1693-1866; Broughton Hall, Worthenbury, papers, 1616-1905, including deeds, 1617-1864; draft deeds and legal papers of Broughton Hall, Wrexham, concerning industry in Broughton, Brymbo and Wrexham, 1842-1956; Wrench family papers, 1633-1877; Leeswood Hall papers, 1747-1920; Foulkes of Eriviat papers, 1624-1913; Thelwall family papers, 1506-1772; Parker family papers, 1710-1895; papers of Lady Jeffreys' Charity, 1715-1923, John Jones of Llandudno, 1866-1907, George Hotel, Bangor, Caernarfonshire, 1872-1899, Goulding's Hotel, Llandudno, 1879-1919, and the Kinmel Estate, 1910-1939; miscellaneous deeds and papers relating to properties in Flintshire, Denbighshire, elsewhere in Wales, Cheshire and Shropshire, 1444-1939; and Acts of Parliament, 1786-1895.


Language/scripts of material: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: Earl of Denbigh; Aston Hall; Boughton Hall, Chester; Henry Tucker; Nerquis Hall; M. W. B. Nugent; Willett of Hawarden; Gwersyllt Park; Lleweni; Broughton Hall, Worthenbury; Broughton Hall, Wrexham; Lloyd, Evans and Evans-Lloyd; Wrench; Leeswood Hall; Burganey of Pulford; Foulkes of Eriviat; Thelwall; Parker; and miscellaneous.

Conditions governing access: Data Protection Act restrictions will apply to any items less than 100 years old that contain sensitive personal information as defined by the Act.

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply

Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at Flintshire Record Office and the National Register of Archives.


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records have been retained

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Archival history:

Immediate source of acquisition: Deposited by Messrs Birch, Cullimore & Co., Solicitors, 20 Whitefriars, Chester, [1967]-[1984].


Related material: Further papers are in Flintshire Record Office, D/NH; National Library of Wales, Downing Estate Deeds; Lleweni Estate Records; NLW MSS 2521-2598, 12706-12720 and 15421-15436.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds. Several sections of the list include material for areas outside Clwyd, in most cases because the clients concerned owned properties in other counties in addition to their estates here. Where the amount of such material is significant, copies of the lost have been supplied to the relevant county record office. Both the Cheshire and Chester City Record Offices also hold large deposits relating to their respective areas from the same source. A summary of the various sections of the list, together with brief details of the families associated with each, was included in the Guide to the Flintshire Record Office (1974). In two cases, those of Nerquis Hall and Burganey of Pulford, the material in this collection complemented material already deposited in the office frim a different source. These are summarised in the Guide in the section devoted to family and estate archives. One or two further small deposits have been made since 1974, but these have fallen chiefly into the miscellaneous category.

Archivist's note: Compiled by Rhys Jones for the ANW project. The following source was used in the compilation of this description: Flintshire Record Office, Birch Cullimore MSS; Veysey, A. G. (ed.), Guide to the Flintshire Record Office (Denbigh, 1974). Item level descriptions input by Alun Driver, Frances Jones and Jane Swinton.

Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) second edition, AACR2, and LCSH

Date(s) of descriptions: February 2004

Boughton Hall estate (Cheshire, England) | Archives
Coal mines and mining | Wales
Deeds | England | Cheshire
Deeds | England | Shropshire
Deeds | Wales
Deeds | Wales | Denbighshire
Deeds | Wales | Flintshire
Earl of Denbigh | Archives
Estate administration | Wales | Denbighshire
Estate administration | Wales | Flintshire
Family archives | Wales | Flintshire
Personal archives | Wales | Flintshire
Railways | Wales

Personal names
Denbigh , Rudolph William Basil Feilding , 1823-1892 , Earl of
Nugent , M. W. B. (Michael William Bellew) , b. 1808
Tucker , Henry , fl. 1846
Willett family , of Hawarden

Corporate names
Aston Hall Estate (Wales)
Birch, Cullimore and Company, Solicitors
Boughton Hall estate (Cheshire, England)
Broughton Hall estate (Wales)
Downing Estate (Wales)
Gwersyllt Estate (Wales)
Lleweni Estate (Wales)
Nerquis Hall Estate (Wales)

Denbighshire (Wales)
England ()
Flintshire (Wales)
Wales ()

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